Asian Leaders by FlaxmanR

Question 9

Although many of Saparmurat Niyazov’s monuments to himself – such as including his self-applied title in the country’s national anthem – have been rescinded by his successor Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, the Caspian Sea port formerly known as Krasnovodsk still bears the name. What title was Niyazov commonly known by prior to his 2006 death in the capital, Ashgabat?