Also a term of abuse used by Captain Haddock by VaccaD

Question 2

Originally coined by William Smyth in 1919 to mean "one who believes in the rule of the people made effective through the agency of their servants, the scientists and engineers", WHAT TERM now chiefly means a member of a knowledge-based elite? (The term is sometimes used as a pejorative, so Haddock's not alone here.)